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2009 H1N1 Flu: Symptoms & Basic Steps

From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

You may have the flu if you have some or all of the following symptoms:

  • fever (not everyone with the flu will have a fever)
  • cough
  • sore throat
  • runny or stuff nose
  • body aches
  • headache
  • chills
  • fatigue
  • sometimes diarrhea and vomiting


  • Stay home and away from other people as much as possible; cover your nose and mouth if you must be around other people (facemask or tissue).
  • Unless you are in a high-risk category (a young child, pregnant, have certain underlying health conditions like asthma or diabetes or a weakened immune system, or are 65 years and older), take acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen and drink plenty of fluids.
  • Stay home for at least 24 hours after your fever is gone without the use of fever reducing medicine.
  • Most people get better without treatment and don’t need to seek medical help. However, if you are in a high-risk category, consult with your health care provider if you get flu symptoms.

Also, anyone with the following emergency warning signs needs urgent medical attention:


  • Fast breathing or trouble breathing
  • Bluish skin color
  • Not drinking enough fluids
  • Not waking up or not interacting
  • Being so irritable that the child does not want to be held
  • Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough
  • Fever with a rash


  • Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
  • Pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen
  • Sudden dizziness
  • Confusion
  • Severe or persistent vomiting
  • Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough

More information:

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